It’s normal for the prostate to grow larger as a man ages.
The prostate gland is about the size and shape of a walnut. It sits right below the bladder and surrounds the upper part of the urethra – the tube that carries urine out of the bladder.
As a man ages, it’s common for the prostate to grow larger. This is caused by cell growth which can happen in different ways:
The fear of prostate cancer keeps many men from finding out if they’re at risk. Early detection is critical in successfully treating prostate cancer. If you have urinary pain, discomfort, or a change in the frequency of urination, it’s important to see your urologist immediately.
Don’t take a chance with your health. Know the facts about prostate cancer.
Did you know?
What is a PSA test?
The PSA test is a simple blood test that measures the level of a protein, called PSA (prostate-specific antigen), being produced by the prostate tissue.
PSA screening is recommended for men who are at a higher risk for prostate cancer, or who have an abnormal digital rectal exam (DRE), or if there are symptoms of a prostate problem. Symptoms can include urinary pain or discomfort, urinating more frequently or feeling the urge to urinate more frequently.
What do the numbers mean?
A high or rising PSA level can indicate an increased risk of cancer. But it’s important to be aware that conditions other than prostate cancer can cause extra PSA to enter the blood, such as benign prostate hyperplasia (BPH) or an inflammation of the prostate.
When should I start getting screened?
For most men regular PSA screening should start at age 50. However, the American Urological Association recommends a first-time PSA test at age 40 if you are at higher risk – for example, African-American men or men with a family history of prostate cancer.
There are steps you can take to reduce your risk of prostate cancer.
Tips to reduce the risk of prostate cancer
It helps to have a urologist from John Muir Health who knows your health history and can help you get the treatment that’s right for you more quickly.
For more information, call our Nurse Navigator at 925-947-3322.